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Typedia (MBTips)

Whatever the circumstances of your life, the understanding of type can make your perceptions clearer, your judgements sounder, and your life closer to your heart's desire

If you came here hoping to TakeTheInventory, <<=== click here.

If you want background, read on!

What is Typedia?

Typedia started as my personal Type wiki, but I'm hoping to turn it into a general resource and link aggregator. If I'm missing links to Type or Temperament sites that you find useful, please let me know.

About Me

I have been interested in science, personality, psychology, and the brain for most of my life. In 1993, I discovered the MBTI through one of the free online versions of the inventory. My result was spot-on and I was hooked.

I did as much reading and research as I could over the next two decades. Each year, I was able to find more and more material available, courtesy of the ever-burgeoning WWW.

In 2013, I discovered and joined BAAPT, the San Francisco Bay Area chapter of APTi (Association for Psychological Type, International). Through BAAPT, and a lot more reading, I have verified my Type (several times), learned about TemperamentTheory and CognitiveFunctions, met wonderful people (online and in person), and cemented a deep love for Type.

In early 2014, I was certified to administer and debrief the MBTI. In 2015, I edited the workshop facilitator's guide and created a test suite for Personality Lingo, a temperament colors model. In the process, I was certified to instruct Personality Lingo and PL trainers.

I'm also a techie who has been building web sites, blogging, and using wikis for many years. Plus, I really like to document things! When I find a good site or article, I keep a link to it. In summary, this web results from my interests in documentation, process, and Type.

I'd love to know what you think!

-- Vicki
(Contact me if you're interested in a consulting session, presentation, or workshop on Type or Temperament).

What Are Type and Temperament?

The groundwork for theories of psychological type was laid in 1921 when Carl Gustav Jung published his pioneering work, "Psychological Types".

Psychological Type (and the MBTI)

Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Briggs, began studying Jung's work after it was translated from German into English in 1923. Katharine and Isabel published the first version of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) in 1942.

The MBTI instrument is based on Jung's ideas about perception and judgment, and the attitudes in which these are used in different types of people. The aim of the MBTI instrument is to identify, from self-reporting of easily recognized reactions, the basic preferences of people in regard to perception and judgment. The effects of each preference, singly and in combination, can be established by research and put into practical use... (ref:


Cognitive Functions

Carl Jung theorized that everyone has four essential mental functions or "cognitive processes". We take in and process information through our "perceiving" functions, which Jung called sensing (S) and intuition (N). We then make decisions using our "judging" functions, which Jung called thinking (T) and feeling (F) (not to be confused with emotion).

Jung further theorized that each function operates in two orientations or "worlds" - the internal (introverted, I) world of ideas, memories, and imagination and the external (extraverted, E) world of actions, people, and organizations.

By combining four mental processes with two orientations each, we get eight cognitive functions.



Historically, the concept of temperament was part of the theory of the four humours, with their corresponding four temperaments. Four temperaments is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types, sanguine (optimistic leader-like), choleric (bad-tempered or irritable), melancholic (analytical and quiet), and phlegmatic (relaxed and peaceful). This concept played an important part in pre-modern psychology, and was explored by philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Hermann Lotze.

In psychology today, temperament refers to those aspects of an individual's personality, such as introversion or extraversion, that are often regarded as innate rather than learned. Dr. David W. Keirsey drew upon early models of temperament when developing the Keirsey Temperament Sorter. Although Keirsey initially named his temperament groups after Greek gods (e.g. Dionysian, Epimethean...) he later modernized the names as Rational, Idealist, Guardian, and Artisan.


Next: Psychological Patterns
Topic revision: r24 - 02 Dec 2018, VickiBrown
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